Panoramic Photographs

Rights and Reproductions

Jump to:

The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Users should consult the catalog information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known by the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding item and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses. While the Library is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the materials in the Panoramic Photographs Collection, there may be content protected by copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. Images identified in the corresponding catalog record as "government" photos are not subject to copyright protection.

Certain items are made available here with the permission of the copyright owners. Please contact the Prints and Photographs Division at the Library of Congress for information on how to contact those rights owners for permission for any other uses. These items include the photographs by: Oscar Bailey, Barbara Crane, Elliott Erwitt, Michael A. Smith, Josef Sudek, Laura Volkerding, and the image credited to the Hagley Museum and Library.

After extensive research, the rights status of several images, particularly of events and locations outside the United States, were unascertainable. As with all American Memory materials, keep in mind that these images are made available here strictly for noncommercial educational and research purposes. We invite users to contact us with any information they may have particularly with regard to these items: Moscow, Russia (LOT 7352, no. 16 and 18; LOT 7354 no. 33; LOT 7404, no. 8); Yokohama, Japan (LOT 3696, panorama no. 1); Chuquicamata, Chile (LOT 8854, panorama no. 1 and no. 2); Mexico City, Mexico (PAN FOR GEOG - Mexico, no. 1); and Panama (PAN FOR GEOG - Panorama, no. 40, 41, 50, and 71).

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division [reproduction number, e.g., LC-USZ62-110212]

For guidance about compiling full citations, consult Citing Electronic Resources on the Learning Page.

More information about American Memory and Copyright


How to Order Reproductions

Photographic copies of Prints and Photographs Division items found in American Memory can be ordered from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service. These reproductions (prints or transparencies) are made from high quality negatives or transparencies.

Because of the long format of many panoramas, it is frequently necessary to copy them in segments. Researchers may need to consult the Photoduplication Service staff regarding photography procedures and costs when ordering copies of the original panoramic photographs that do not have existing reproduction numbers.

Take down the following information to place an order:

If the "REPRODUCTION NUMBER" field is filled in, note down the letters and numbers that appear in that field and the type of negative (glass or film) mentioned in parentheses. For example: LC-USZ62-110212 (b&w film neg.)

If the "REPRODUCTION NUMBER" field only contains dashes, take down the letters and numbers that appear in the "CALL NUMBER" field. (The original will have to be photographed by the Photoduplication Service.)

Note down a brief caption for the item.

Contact the Photoduplication Service to place an order (telephone: 202-707-5640). Orders are accepted by mail and by fax. The Photoduplication Service estimates that it takes 3-6 weeks to complete an order.