The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.
With a few exceptions, the Library is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the materials in the materials included in this online presentation. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.
Note that the Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers in the Library of Congress' Manuscript Division consists of personal papers and other manuscript materials. The Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell Family in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress consists of photographs, negatives and related materials. The Library of Congress received both collections under an instrument of gift from the descendants of Alexander Graham Bell. This gift included all literary, publication, copyright, proprietary rights of Bell's descendants. Works created by persons outside the Bell family may in some cases be subject to copyright. In many of these cases, we were unable to identify a possible rightsholder and have elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non- commercial educational uses. Users are reminded that in all cases responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.
This letter by Mark Twain is © 1999 by Richard A. Watson and Chase Manhattan Bank as Trustees of the Mark Twain Foundation, which reserves all reproduction or dramatization rights in every medium. It is published here with the permision of the University of California Press and Robert H. Hirst, General Editor of the Mark Twain Project.
Letter from Marie Curie to Alexander Graham Bell made available here with permission from Eve Labouisse-Curie, Helene Langevin, and Pierre Joliot. Musee Curie, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Letters from William H. Forbes to Alexander Graham Bell made available here with permission from Beatrice Forbes Manz.
Correspondence from Elisha Gray to Alexander Graham Bell and specification by Elisha Gray made available here with permission from Elisha Gray III, 672 Maple Street, Winnetka, IL 60093, Michael Gray, and Gray Atkinson.
Letters and notes from John Hitz made available here with permission from Susan Hitz, 6 Rolling Knoll Court, Gaithersburg, MD 20877.
Correspondence from William James, Alice H. James, and Margaret M. James to Alexander Graham Bell made available here with permission from Bay James, 25 Plum Bush Downs, Newbury, Massachusetts 01951.
Correspondence and other writings from Helen Keller made available here with permission from the American Federation for the Blind, Helen Keller Archives.
Letter from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow to Mabel Hubbard Bell made available here with permission from Frances Wetherell.
Correspondence from Guglielmo Marconi to Alexander Graham Bell made available here with permission from Francesco Marconi Paresce, 6 Ohm Strasse, Munich 80802, Germany. Email: email@example.com
Correspondence and notes from Arthur W. McCurdy and J.A.D. McCurdy made available here with permission from Mrs. M.J. McCurdy, 3 Av Forden, Montreal, PQ, H3Y 2Y6, Canada.
Correspondence from John D. Philbrick, Superintendent of Boston Public Schools, made available here with permission from Boston Public Schools. Office of Legal Advisor, Central Administration Building, 26 Court Street, Boston, MA 02108.
Correspondence from Laura C. Redden to Alexander Graham Bell made available here with permission from Judge Thomas McGinn Smith, 777 Marshall Street, Redwood City, CA 94063. Email: Lehuaofca@aol.com
Correspondence, drawings, and script from and by Thomas A. Watson made available here with permission from Susan Cheever.
Letter from H.G. Wells to Alexander Graham Bell made available here with permission from A.P. Watt Ltd. on behalf of the Trustees of the Estate of H.G. Wells, 20 John Street, London WC1N 2DR United Kingdom.
Credit Line: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division [unless other division is identified with particular item]
For guidance about compiling full citations, consult Citing Electronic Resources on the learning page.
More information about American Memory and Copyright.