Supplementing the papers of Supreme Court justices are the papers of many lower-court judges, especially those who played a vanguard role in the modern civil rights movement,
Simon Ernest Sobeloff (95,000 items; 1882-1973; 1950-73) [catalog record]
J. Skelly Wright (81,200 items; 1933-87; bulk 1948-86) [catalog record]
Frank Minis Johnson (116,000 items; 1945-89; bulk 1955-86) [catalog record].
J. Skelly Wright's papers include letters from his former law clerk Susan Estrich (b. 1952), who later became the presidential
campaign manager for Michael Dukakis and a noted legal expert on rape.
Judge Benjamin Barr Lindsey. Photographer Harry M. Rhoads, [between 1930 and 1940?]. Western History/Geneaology Department, Denver Public Library. Rh-594. bibliographic record
The papers of U.S. District Court judge Gerhard Alden Gesell (60,000 items; 1956-93) [catalog record] include materials on United States v. Vuitch (1971), an important abortion case that laid the groundwork for Roe v. Wade. Also of interest is Gesell's sentencing file (1968-92), which reflects the vast economic and demographic changes in the District
of Columbia over a twenty-year period and contains valuable social data about families, crime, the judicial system, and race
Joining the papers of federal judges are those of several state judges. Ben B. Lindsey (95,000 items; 1886-1954) [catalog record] was a judge and social reformer who helped to develop the juvenile court system in Colorado and California. Lindsey corresponded
with many women reformers, and his subject files concern child labor laws, penal reform, women's suffrage, birth control,
marriage, divorce, sex education and hygiene, and the Women's Protective League.
Charles Mason, justice of the Iowa territorial supreme court recorded in his diaries, 1836-82, located in the Charles Mason Remey Family Papers (1,225 items; 1778-1949; bulk 1855-1932) [catalog record], his work on behalf of women's rights, including his support of equal pay for equal work.